top of page

(in alphabetic order)

Ciro Esposito

University of Naples Federico II, Italy

The Evolution of New Technologies Applied to Pediatric Surgery from Laboratory to Robotics to Fluorescence to Virtual Reality 


Abstract: The field of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) in children and infants is rapidly growing and currently is considered the new frontier of pediatric surgery.

Minimally invasive pediatric surgery has firmly established its important role in the children’s surgery toolbox. Pediatric endosurgery has joined surgical quality and safety, enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS).

MIS was born in the 90’s and thanks to miniaturization of instruments, nowadays pediatric surgeons operate children using 3-mm instruments in a truly minimally invasive way.

Ten years after MIS, robotic surgery was developed. The origins of modern surgical robotics can be traced, as with many other technologies, to the military. A team of researchers at NASA began a collaboration with robotics experts at the Stanford Research Institute (SRI). The goal was to combine two emerging technologies, virtual reality and robotic telemanipulation, to deliver a virtual surgeon interface that could effectively bring the surgeon to the patient. 
The surgeon would have control over robotic arms equipped with enhanced dexterity to perform complex open surgical procedures. Nowadays robotics it is currently adopted in all surgical fields, in particular in pediatric urology. 

In the last 5 years, we adopted ICG-enhanced fluorescence technology in pediatric surgery in order to better identify anatomic structures during surgical procedures and in this way we can perform an easy surgery and we can reduce the incidence of complications
ICG is injected intravenously, or directly inside the organs and ICG-guided NIRF allows to visualize the vascularization of organs, pathological nodes, tumors or the lymphatic drainage.  
In the recent couple of years new technologies as virtual reality (VR) and Artificial Intelligence (AI) were adopted with excellent results in pediatric surgery and in pediatric MIS.


Bruno Siciliano

University of Naples Federico II, Italy

Robot Manipulation and Control

Abtract: This talk presents research results @ PRISMA Lab on robot manipulation and control. The talk is organized in four parts. In the first part, control techniques for dynamic nonprehensile manipulation are presented. The second part of the talk focuses on how to merge learning and model-based strategies to provide autonomy to robot manipulation. In the third part, several aerial robotics applications for inspection and maintenance are surveyed. The final part of the talk deals with recent advances on shared control including haptic guidance.


Bio: Bruno Siciliano is professor of robotics and control at the University of Naples Federico II. He is also Honorary Professor at the University of Óbuda where he holds the Kálmán Chair. His research interests in robotics include manipulation and control, human–robot cooperation, and service robotics. Fellow of the scientific societies IEEE, ASME, IFAC, he received numerous international prizes and awards, including the 2022 Engelberger Award for Education. He was President of the IEEE Robotics and Automation Society from 2008 to 2009. He has delivered more than 150 keynotes and has published more than 300 papers and 7 books. His book “Robotics” is among the most adopted academic texts worldwide, while his edited volume “Springer Handbook of Robotics” received the highest recognition for scientific publishing: the 2008 PROSE Award for Excellence in Physical Sciences & Mathematics. His team has received more than 18 million Euro funding in the last 15 years from competitive European research projects. More details are available at


bottom of page